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    'Remove File Attribute(s) Sub VBA_SetAttr_Function_Ex4() 'Variable declaration Dim sPath As String 'Note: Specified path is an empty directory. e. List File Attributes of Directory and Subdirectores. Hidden: 2: Hidden file. Syntax. attributes = 34 Then 'select cell (I think the ,1 is column A "1") Sheet1. Note that every file has a size including the size zero. DateLastModified: Returns the date and time when a specified file was last modified. If you want to change the System attribute, you need to do it from the command prompt. In Excel 2013 VBA and Macros, Excel authorities Bill Jelen and Tracy Syrstad liken properties to adjectives. Therefore, I will use the –BAND operator. txt" Set sourceFile = fso. Then if I update the attribute in the drawings this would change the linked attribute in the Excel file, and vice versa. Directory: 16: Folder or directory. The date the file was last accessed. The SetAttr statement syntax has these named arguments: Syntax. This obtains all the name & value of all extended file properties for selected files. Cells(i + 1, 1), Sheet1. Example 3. Archive: 32. . Directory: 16. Link or shortcut : Read-only. Have questions or feedback about Office VBA or this d 3 Dec 2018 Sets attribute information for a file. Alias Trying to use Excel VBA to capture all the file attributes from files on disk, including extended attributes. We can use these VBA File and Directory functions in either procedure or function. Folder or directory : Read-only. Attributes. Was able to get it to loop through the files and capture the basic attributes (that come from the file system): File Path; File Name; File Size; Date Created; Date Last Accessed; Date Last Modified ; File Type Nov 12, 2018 · Attributes: Sets or returns the attributes of a specified file. 2018년 8월 17일 엑셀 VBA 강의 Property 속성이란 무엇인가요 | 엑셀 VBA 기초 강의 | 엑셀 VBA 강의 1-6 | 모든 예제파일과 완성파일은 무료로 제공됩니다. Until recently, I did not know that it exists in VBA. FileSystemObject   16 Dec 2020 In the 2016+ versions of Excel, VBA operates in a sandbox which means Create an array with file paths for which permissions are needed_ VBAAttributes. Several different VBA libraries contain methods to retrieve file properties or to manipulate files. Post views: 10,059. And to be honest, if I have needed it, I would have simply used a module for it. 8 Sep 2013 A sample database to illustrate how-to get a list of files contained within Attributes Error_Handler_Exit: On Error Resume Next Set f = Nothing  c_00 = CreateObject("scripting. System: 4: System file. See full list on excelfunctions. See Table 8-1 earlier in this section for the list of constants. ATTRIB [+R | -R] [+A | -A ] [+S | -S] [+H | -H] [+I | -I] [drive:] [path] [filename] [/S [/D] [/L]] + Sets an attribute. This would automate what you are doing manually. filesystemobject"). Attribute is read/write. In order to make a static class, simply change the Attribute VB_PredeclaredId = False to True. A non-zero value for the read-only test (i. Read/write or read-only, depending on the attribute. Attributes And Not bytAttr End If End With End Sub Sep 08, 2013 · One response on “ VBA – List of Files within a Folder and Get their Properties ” Colin Riddington March 26, 2018 at 7:44 pm. Optional. Therefore, I kept my version without adopting it. 19 Dec 2018 Sets or returns the attributes of files or folders. I am currently running into a few issues that I am GetOpenFilename is a method which is also an attribute of FSO, this method is used in VBA to find a certain file with a file name and select it, the important factor in this method is the path of the file name provided to open it, we can either pass the path of the file name in the function or we can ask the user to present a file path to select it. *"", 1, ""Select"", , True) If you really want to create the solution you ask for, you have to add a listbox to a userform, set the property ListStyle to fmListStyleOption and the property MultiSelect to fmMultiSelectMulti. So can we make use of the Operating System support for these detailed properties using VBA? Optional. FileSystemObject"). It was not ported over from VB6. Dec 19, 2018 · Normal file. A zero-length string ("") is returned if pathname is not found. Dat", vbSystem Or vbHidden SetAttr "MyFile. Safe To You can search for "vba excel command line arguments". Re: VBA To Edit or Add To a Files Document Properties. Attributes Or bytAttr Else . A few months ago I posted my own version of this to the Access World Forums website. Dim lngAttributes As Long 'Attribute Values, 2 May 2013 Wildcard characters can also be used to identify types of files, such as (*. DIR returns a string that represents a directory or file that matches a defined pattern. The Files class includes methods that can be used to obtain a single attribute of a file, or to set an attribute. File Name; Date Created; Date Last Accessed; Date Last Modified; Size (MB) Type; You just need to browse the folder where your files are and click on ‘Get File Properties’ button Jul 03, 2017 · The zip file contains the database FileAttributes. This below example removes all file attributes and sets as normal file. OpenTextFile(myFilePath Now we'll implement a single file upload with some restrictions about the file type, using the accept attribute in the file input. Sub DownloadSPfile() Dim strFolder As String Dim strName As String Dim URL As String strFolder = Environ("temp") strName = "\DART_db. Although in Excel, we have a provision of importing the data of XML file but using VBA, we can read, import the XML file in Excel. Part  You say loop . FileSystemObject") Dim sourceFile As Object Dim myFilePath As String Dim myFileText As String myFilePath = "C:\mypath\to\myfile. VBA – WIA – Convert the Image Format. Also, some of the displayed information comes from real properties in the file, such as MP3 ID3 tags or JPEG EXIF data. To save the workbook using vba code we use the object Workbook with the SaveAs function. txt). I have used the useful attribute list from , to enumerate the MP3 attributes for the code. 2006/11/29 06:53 am Posts: 2,231; Joined: 2003/12/01. Disk drive volume label : Read only. Microsoft has discontinued the practice of storing file properties in the secondary NTFS stream (introduced with Windows Vista) as properties saved on those streams do not travel with the file when the file is send as attachment or stored on USB disk that is FAT32 not NTFS. Here is the code: Sub CheckFileExists () Dim… Excel vba list files in folder, file properties, file size, vba code to get file properties, FSO in VBA, FileSystemObject in VBA. In A97 I am trying to determine some attributes of files in a folder - Date, time, file size and file name. It can be used as a VBA function (VBA) in Excel. The block is a drawing header and the name of it is "A1 - NME". FileSystemObject Dim MyPath As String MyPath = "C:\Users\chest\Desktop\" 'Check to see if file exists If fso. Excel VBA macro to give  28 Mar 2005 Hi, I am using the FileSystemObject to get a file (objImage), and need to determine whether Help - Excel Help forum > Excel Programming / VBA / Macros > the Attributes function and the value of the individual VBA Name of attribute, Enumerator, Description. Fileオブジェクト - Attributesプロパティ. Windows Explorer properties can also originate from the filesystem, such as the shared status of the file. net Jan 26, 2011 · To determine if a file is read-only or not, I need to perform a bitwise AND operation. vbNormal, 0, Files with no attributes (default setting). Syntax#. For example, with the DIR function you can check if a specific Excel file exists and then open it in the background, and copy and paste data into the A file system's metadata is typically referred to as its file attributes. accdb" URL = <file location> If Dir(strFolder & strName) <> "" Then ' if the temp file already exists then delete it first VBA. Oct 23, 2018 · VBA – WIA – Flip an Image. The SETATTR See full list on exceloffthegrid. Microsoft Access / VBA Forums on Bytes. The VBA SetAttr function sets the attributes of a file or directory. VBA – WIA – Rotate an Image. Add Anchor:=Selection, Address:= _ objFile. The SetAttr function is especially useful when wanting to hide files or make them readonly. ” The getAttribute()method of the Elementinterface returns the value of a specified attribute on the element. DateCreated: Returns the date and time when a specified file was created. Im new to VBA in autocad and im trying to extract the attributes of specific block to Excel. xlsx", _ Destination:=MyPath & "FolderXYZ\Move Me. VBA Code Examples Add-in VBA File and Directory Functions can be use to handle with files, folders and directories. Hi everybody. In VB6, it creates a Default Global Instance of the class (a "shortcut") so that class members can be accessed without using the class name. VBA – Get Image Properties, Dimensions, Etc. enter image description here. 엑셀은 . String expression that specifies a file name — may include directory or folder, and drive. ReadOnly, Archive. Ex: this code sets/resets an attribute in a closed file: Code: Sub SetResetAttr(sFilePathName As String, bytAttr As Byte, bSet As Boolean) With CreateObject("Scripting. You are the real "author" of this VBA script. com/2020/12/you-can-supp To create a macro in VBA for the XML file, we do not mandatory need XML Notepad in our system. Path, _ TextToDisplay:=objFile. VB_Description = "some string" ' Adds the text to the Object Browser information for the procedure. Anyhow, I'm heartily grateful to you for all that you have done to me. MS Access – Bug – VBA Code Doesn’t Run as ACCDE. Example Const ForReading = 1 Const ForWriting = 2 Const ForAppending = 8 Sub ReadTextFileExample() Dim fso As Object Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting. Was able to get it to loop through the  3 Sep 2018 I'm wondering why I'm unable to utilize Excel VBA. However, there is an easier way if you are willing to have your macro open the workbooks one at a time to read and store the property values. System file : Read/write. Volume: 8. com/dvd. Excel VBA Save As. com I'm trying to read and write a list of properties from files (mainly doc and xls), like Title, Author, Tags or Comments. 3K views. GetDetailsO The VBA FileSystemObject (FSO) provides access the computer file system allowing you to create, delete, edit and copy files / folders. so if you want to do this for a dir instead of the current document; Dim sFile As Variant Dim oShell: Set oShell  List File Attributes of Directory and Subdirectores This code prompts the user to browse for a folder. 4,392 views4. See the VBA help for the CustomDocumentProperties Mar 30, 2005 · Hi, I am using the FileSystemObject to get a file (objImage), and need to determine whether is has both its Hidden and System attributes set. However, when I try to grab the same attributes for FOLDERS, the code does not work consistently. Here is a I regularly tweak file attributes, including dates & times using this utility: Attribute  Attributes And 1 Then 'The File Exists And Is Not Read-Only. 2) Main Sub The Main subroutine - initialises the Excel environment, - resets the public variables, Any version of Microsoft Excel that supports Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). AvailableSpace, Returns  The VBA GetAttr Function - Returns an Integer Representing the Attributes of a Supplied File or Directory - Function Description & Examples. Based on a few fundamental frustrations with VBA (namely the lack of ability to work with files larger than 2GB, the lack of encapsulation of the file functions and the lack of intellisense to guide my use of the file statements) I put together a wrapper for the Win32 File API. com/store/#/pro The DIR VBA function plays an important role if you need to refer to other files or folders in your macro. Windows 7's "help attrib" command says: C:\>help attrib Displays or changes file attributes. then read the file attributes from that file, then delete the file. Previous articles on TechBookReport have shown how to use the FileSystemObject API from within VBA to access files, directories, text streams  Returns true if the file pointer is at the end of a TextStream file; false if it is not. DateLastAccessed: Returns the date and time when a specified file was last accessed. Activate 'loops through each file in the directory For Each objFile In objFolder. File Properties Tool is an Excel VBA tool which gets the following properties of the file. System: 4. Sometimes a library contains unique methods, sometimes they are equivalents to methods in another library. FileSystem Object is available in in all MS Office applications including for Excel VBA. • Aug 11, 2020. VBA Save As method is used to save the excel file to a specific location. VB_VarDescription = "some string" ' Adds the text to the Object Browser information for this variable. I found the code below on the internet and it work very well, except it extracts all blocks with attributes in the drawing. "The simplest solution is to use the built in dialogbox and let the user select multiple files (ctrl-click or shift+click): arrFiles = Application. pdf"); the strings "audio/*", "video/*" and "image/*" representing sound, video and image files, respectively. The result can be a single attribute or a combination of multiple attributes (sum). As noted above, it can be done with Chip's help. The DIR function is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a File/Directory Function. After modifying them, import them back into your project. GetOpenFilename(""All files,*. The Microsoft Excel SETATTR statement allows you to set the attributes of a file. Attribute VB_Name = "ClassOrModuleName"; Attribute VB_GlobalNameSpace = False ' Ignored  Use VBA to get File Information from Directory. Range(Sheet1. payumoney. VBA-Excel: Change Font, Color, Weight of Table Data in the Word document; VBA-Excel: Modified Consolidator – Merge or Combine Multiple Excel Files Into One Where Columns Are Not vba documentation: Reading a text file using a FileSystemObject. For example, with the DIR function you can check if a specific Excel file exists and then open it in the background, and copy and paste data into the Oct 13, 2016 · With VBA (DSOFile) you can only set basic file properties and only on NTFS. It can retrieve all types of files including media files such as audio and movie files. Pathname A String value that gives the file or folder specification. Apr 21, 2014 · Via the Resource Monitor (Disk section) I found that Excel/VBA code is copying every single file to my harddrive! So, for my test I was scanning ~6000 files. Every file has a location in the computer system and is indexed. Attribute values are multiplications of the number 2 hence binary attribute values can be identified. These are ChDir, ChDrive, CurDir, Dir, FileAttr, FileCopy, FileDateTime, FileLen, GetAttr, Kill, MkDir, Name, RmDir, SetAttr etc. Read-only file. xls*" Then If Not objFile. To learn more scroll down. Possible values are 0 (Normal), 1 (ReadOnly), 3 (Hidden), 4 (System), 8 (Volume), 16 (Directory), 32 (Archive), 64 (Alias), and 128 (Compressed). The last bit of the  This article will show you how to use GetFileAttributesEx to retrive file/folder attributes which includes createtion date, last accessed/modiifed date and various  getdetailsof file properties vba vba change extended file properties excel vba get file date modified builtindocumentproperties vba extended file attributes  20 May 2019 Copies one or more files from one location to another. File attributes' constants can be added together or logically ORed to set more than one attribute at the same time. To fetch other file names or folder names from that location that match previously specified attributes, you need to call the DIR Function again with no arguments. VBA Express : Excel - List File Attributes of Directory and Subdirectores. R Read-only file attribute. It can be a combination of Normal, ReadOnly, Hidden, System, Volume, Directory, Archive, Alias or Compressed. Hidden: 2. Attribute VB_Name = "ClassOrModuleName"; Attribute VB_GlobalNameSpace = False ' Ignored; Attribute VB_Creatable = False '  5 May 2020 Windows Scripting. File has changed since last backup. Oct 03, 2020 · VBA Name of attribute: Enumerator: Description: vbNormal: 0: Files with no attributes (default setting) vbReadOnly: 1: Read-only files: vbHidden: 2: Hidden files: vbSystem: 4: System files: vbVolume: 8: Volume label: vbDirectory: 16: Directories Here is one more interesting VBA tool from ExcelSirJi team. xlsx") Then 'Move a file fso. In the "Attributes:" section, enabled attributes have checks beside them. The accept attribute takes a comma separated list with any of the following: an Internet media type; file extensions (like ". Excel. Suppose you have a file called "C:\stamps. xlsx" Else MsgBox Jan 18, 2018 · To view or change the attributes of a file, right-click the file, and then click Properties. 0. Note that there are several drawings which I would like to handle in a single Excel file. Normal file. In the context of Visual Basic for Applications, objects are the equivalent of nouns. b) Display the Filename in Column B. You simply have to create an instance of FileSystemObject in VBA and then you can generate files, read files, delete files, iterate through folders, and do many other operations on your computer’s file system. txt") 'Selects the page # to enter values to (doesn't matter what the page name is) Sheet1. The operating system recognizes files as regular,  VBAAttributes. But if we have it will be easy for us to read the XML file for the data we need. Specifying the default member of a class A List class that would encapsulate a Collection would want to have an Item property, so the client code can do this: DIR function only returns the first file name or folder name from a location that matches the specified attributes. Alias: 64. Drive List File Attributes of Directory and Subdirectores This code prompts the user to browse for a folder. Get file attributes with code. Normal. Home · Excel · VBA · FileSystemObject · Fileオブジェクト. For example: SetAttr "SysFile. Attributes: A list of attributes is shown in the table  10 Jul 2015 User Defined Attributes: You can find all the user defined attribute in the file “ objects. Compressed file : Read-only While ClearData() got a little problem - in case the number of files is less that previous run, then the excess portion in previous run won't be cleared out. If the given attribute does not exist, the value returned will either be nullor ""(the empty string); see Non-existing attributesfor details. Files If objFile Like "*. Note that  11 Aug 2020 VBA to Upload, Download, Delete, Create Folders, Get file list, attributes & more from Google Drive. txt", vbHidden + vbReadOnly ' Remove all atributes - convert a read-only file to read-write file, unhide the file etc The file’s properties such as its attributes, the date and time when it was created, last accessed or last modified, its drive’s letter, name and short name, path and short path, size, type and its parent folder can be accessed the same way as described at the GetFolder method. accdb, a PDF file with full details and screenshots as well as several other text files with examples of the extended properties (attributes) obtained for different types of file The database includes the VBA reference library 'Microsoft Shell Controls and Automation' DIR function has the following syntax in Excel VBA: Watch our Demo Courses and Videos. VBA – Resize Image. VB_VarUserMemId (for module-scope variables) and VB_UserMemId (for procedures) attributes are used in VBA mostly for two things. Previously, the file attribute didn't show up as Read Only so instead I wrote a stopcheck macro to see if any duplicate files were created,  13 May 2009 We then loop through each of the files in the source folder, get the attributes we're interested in, and output them to our sheet. No attributes are set. The date the file was created. xls"). So, your VBA code in Excel app actually has no direct impact to AutoCAD itself. Therefore, within VBA, properties (adjectives) describe objects (nouns). Attributes, Sets or returns the attributes of files or folders. A computer file may be created or deleted, moved or copied, or changed. attributes. It appears the code has to copy EVERY file to: C:\Windows\ServiceProfiles\LocalService\AppData\Local\Temp\TfsStore\Tfs_DAV. This program will retrieve all the files names and file attributes from a directory (folder). doc list files in folder subfolder 9. An integer value indicating File's attributes. VBA – Read different levels of XML Posted on August 11, 2018 by Vitosh Posted in VBA \ Excel After the article here for VBA – Select a Single Node XML now I am writing an update from it, which shows how to loop through all the nodes that we are interested in and get data from them. When I did  These attributes include permissions to see, open, read, alter the file and other permissions. txt" and you want to set two attributes, "read-only" and "hidden. Which method you can use can be dependent of whether a file has been loaded or not. VBA-Excel: Add Worksheets For All The Given Dates Except Weekends and Copy The Common Template In Each Worksheet; VBA-Excel: Create or Add Worksheets at the Run time. ファイルの属性を  13 Nov 2005 Get file attributes with code. And then feel free to access this class without initializing it. ReadOnly: 1. The whole purpose of VBA code in Excel is to generate an AutoCAD command line text into to Clipboard, and the command text contains attribute value to be used in attribute edit command. jpg" or ". Attributes = . Archive: 32: File has changed since last backup. getfile("E:\OF\example. Constant or numeric expression, whose sum specifies file attributes. phpClick to grab the VBA Macro DVD (Beginner to Advance)https://www. A – This command will prepare your selected files or folders for “Archiving. May 07, 2007 · For making a file as both readonly and hidden use both attributes in the function SetAttr "c:\temp\Sample. DateLastModified Read/Write attribute. attributes. inp” located in the path “C:ProgramDataTekla  10 Dec 2014 VBA-Excel: Update XML File · Update Single ParentNode · Update attribute of a Node · Add a new node under existing node · Add new Attribute to  3 Mar 2010 Also, some of the displayed information comes from real properties in the file, such as MP3 ID3 tags or JPEG EXIF data. File. g. All user does is to pates the command text to AutoCAD's command line and hit The block contains attributes which would like to link to an Excel file. The DIR VBA function plays an important role if you need to refer to other files or folders in your macro. S. 23 Sep 2013 The attached file will show you how to: a) Display all known file Attribute number designations in Column A. Read/write. H – This command will assign the “Hidden” attribute to your selected files or folders. In the regular English language, adjectives describe or clarify a noun. Add or remove the checks from Read-only, Archive, or Hidden to enable or disable these options. Name i = i In VBA, this attribute is ignored. vbReadOnly, 1  To return the name of a file or folder, use the Dir function: Dir(Pathname, Attributes). Select 'create hyperlink in selected cell ActiveSheet. ReadOnly: 1: Read-only file. Types of Files. read-only Apr 26, 2009 · Export your code file and open it with a text editor to make the attribute statement visible. In this example we use the Files property to allow us to count the number of files present in a folder. Cells(i + 1, 1)). Sub UsingGetFolder() Dim fso As Scripting. Read/write Have questions or feedback about Office VBA or this documentation? Please see  12 Nov 2018 The following code illustrates how to obtain a File object and how to view one of its properties Attributes, Sets or returns the attributes of a specified file. Let’s see how that would work out. Attribute variableName. Backup Software. Find more free excel tips here To retrieve additional filenames that match pathname and attributes, call DIR again with no arguments. Using the Dir Command to Check If a File Exists As we mentioned in the introduction, the Dir command allows us to check if a selected file exists on the computer. PS C:\> VBA allows you to check if a file or folder exists by using the Dir command. After all the hard work we have done in the workbook, we save it, isn’t it? It is painful to lose the data we have worked on. Hyperlinks. blogspot. Example 4: Remove File Attribute(s) Here is a simple example of the VBA SetAttr function. These functions are Built-In functions. For example, if you  2019年1月4日 Trying to use Excel VBA to capture all the file attributes from files on disk, including extended attributes. But it is good to know that VBA has it. Attributes. Both VB and VBA have archaic tools for examining file attributes and getting a list of files from a folder. You can now support by buying any of the Projects or Source Code. explains how to use the Excel SETATTR function with syntax and examples. CopyFile(source file path, destination folder path, [overwrite]). GetFile(sFilePathName) If bSet Then . As cool as The VBA GetAttr function returns an Integer result with the attributes of a file or directory. " To set the file attributes, enter the Jul 05, 2017 · Basic Attribute Switches (R, H, A, S) R – This command will assign the “Read-Only” attribute to your selected files or folders. Win32 File API Wrapper. Click below to view detailed Contentshttp://excelprince. Help says : To determine which attributes are set, use the And operator to perform a bitwise comparison (a bit-by-bit comparison between identically positioned bits in two numeric expressions) of the value returned by the Attributes function and the Jul 23, 2017 · The second argument, Attributes, is one or more constants that specify the attributes you want to set. DateLastAccessed. I can easily get basic attributes, but not these extended ones. DateCreated. the file is read only); A zero value for the hidden FileSystemObject also called FSO, provides an easy object-based model to access a computer’s file system. Pathname: By the name, everyone can understand it is the path of the file where actually the file exists. S System file attribute. The file has an extension name which tells the operating system and associated programs what type of file it is. Attributes ' nummer archive  But if you also need attributes of a file (like: last modified date, size, etc. It has two parts Pathname and Attributes. I'm looking for the correct syntax to get info about files in a directory. Attribute procName. You can test them in the Immediate window (Ctrl-G):? dir("c:\temp\junk1. Valuation, Hadoop, Excel, Mobile Apps, Web Development & many more. Windows Explorer  18 May 2016 P. Compressed: 2048. Alternatively, how else can I get into Access a list of files and attributes, given a directory path? Access (VBA) has some built-in functions to do some of this. It allows you also to obtain various file and folder system properties. VB_VarUserMemId = 0 ' Zero indicates that this is the default member of the class. FileExists(MyPath & "MyFolder\Move Me. Txt", vbArchive + vbReadOnly; pathname can include a drive letter. Hidden file : Read/write. SetAttr strFolder & strName, vbNormal ' remove any file attributes (e. Apr 03, 2017 · VBA Get File Attributes !!!! Hi I am using the following formula to try and get file attributes on a shared drive. Check the below link to support or downloadhttps://vbaa2z. This is shown here: PS C:\> (Get-ItemProperty -Path C:\fso\a. The FileExists method has a single parameter: FileSpec Sub CheckIfFileExists() Set fso = New Scripting. xlsx) for a workbook. Volume: 8: Disk drive volume label. txt file are ReadOnly and Archive. A Archive file attribute. I have been using the code below for years to grab file attributes using VBA. 1) Enumerating the MP3 File attributes Microsoft changed the numbering system for MP3 attributes for Windows Vista. - Clears an attribute. A good description of the attributes is hard to find, but here’s one that covers them all; VBA attribute description. Attribute is read-only. Read only. The VBScript's Attribute property sets or returns the attributes of files or folders. If omitted, returns files that match pathname but have no attributes. Works just fine. SetAttr pathname, attributes. MoveFile _ Source:=MyPath & "MyFolder\Move Me. If a program needs multiple file attributes around the same time, it can be inefficient to use methods that retrieve a single attribute. It then uses recursive code to dump all the file attributes of this folder ("Path", "Last Modified" , "Owner" , "Size. It then uses recursive code to dump all the file attributes of  File Attributes. The file attributes of the a. 【書式】.